Below please find information of interest
Dementia - This is a general description for a broad range of illnesses, the main feature of which is a disabling level of impairment of memory and other aspects of thinking, reasoning and information processing. Disabling in this context means intrusive enough to interfere at least to some extent with the patient's normal day to day activities. Unfortunately most dementia-causing illnesses are progressive and irreversible although there are always practical things that can be done to help and support the patient to maintain their independence for as long as possible. For some types of dementia medical treatments are available that may improve or stabilise some of the symptoms.
Mild cognitve impairment (also known as minimal cognitive disorder) - This is a clinically recognisable problem with memory, or sometimes with other aspects of cognitive funtion, which can be a nuisance and a source of concern but is not really disabling and therefore does not meet the criteria for dementia. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is not a single illness and it has a very variable prognosis. Some patients with MCI may progress to develop more troublesome cognitive problems over time.
Alzheimer's disease - This is a degenerative brain disorder and throughout most countries of the world is the most common cause of memory and other cognitive problems. It is now thought that Alzheimer's disease ocurs as a result of the accumulation of abnormal proteins in the brain, a process which usually occurs over many years or even decades even though symptoms may only arise in the later stages.
Vascular dementia - This is a form of dementia (see above) in which the problems are caused by circulatory disease in the brain. Disease of the larger or small arteries results either in strokes or a more generalised pattern of reduced blood flow. Both of these processes can impair memory and other aspects of thinking and information processing.
Alzheimer's society -
Alzheimer's society is the Leading UK charity providing support, information and advocacy for people with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia and cognitive impairment
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence good practice guidelines on the support of people with dementia -
The UK National Institiute for Health and Care Excellence publishes authoritative best-practice guidance on a broad range of health conditions including dementia
Alzheimer's Association -
Alzheimer's Association is an international organisation aiming to advance research to end Alzheimer's and dementia while enhancing care for those living with these diseases
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